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What is Forensic Accounting?

November 29, 2011

image tungphoto/ freedigitalphotos.net

Forensic, according to the Webster’s Dictionary, means

  • “belonging to, used in or suitable to courts of judicature or to public discussion and debate”
  • “pertaining to or employed in legal proceedings or argumentation.”

Accounting, as defined by The Random House Dictionary, is “the system of organizing, maintaining … the financial records of a company or an individual.”

Forensic Accounting, then, is the practice of accounting in support of litigation. A Forensic Accountant provides an accounting analysis suitable to the court that will form the basis for discussion, debate and ultimately judicial decision. A Forensic Accountant utilizes specialized accounting skills to conduct an investigation into the actual earnings and income stream of individuals and businesses. A benefit of employing a Forensic Accountant is for his or her ability to communicate financial information clearly and concisely in a courtroom setting.

After a Forensic Accountant is retained for a marital dissolution case, he or she typically would:

  • Assist the attorney in defining the accounting matters
  • Assist the attorney with discovery requests
  • Summarize and analyze financial data and transactions
  • Prepare reports and declarations
  • Perform complex business valuations under family law rules
  • Attend depositions to support opposing witness examination
  • Assist in settlement negotiations
  • Assess tax aspects of proposed settlements
  • Assess issues for trial
  • Prepare court exhibits for trial
  • Testify as an expert witness in trial, if necessary
  • Support attorney in witness cross examination at trial
  • Review judgment for accuracy of findings

Ron J. Anfuso, CPA, ABV, CFF, CDFA, FABFA is a Forensic Accountant and expert witness in the Los Angeles area. He has over 19 years experience in the valuation, financial, accounting and tax aspects of marital dissolution matters, which includes conducting business valuations, gross cash flow analyses, and tracings, as well as performing Moore/Marsden and other dissolution-related accounting calculations. He is also a founding member of A Better Divorce, and has prepared over 40 collaborative law cases.

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